Indian surnames, hindu surnames, origin and meaning

Indian surnames and family names are derived from a variety of systems and naming conventions. The surnames are influenced by religion, profession, region, caste etc. Here is our list of Indian surnames and their origin/ meaning. You can also add your surname to this list if it is not listed below. Send your contributions to

Abbott = One who worship and spread teachings of Sanatan Dharam (Hinduism)
Achari = Derived from Asari (Malayalam). Carpenters in profession
Acharya = Priest & teacher
Adiga = Priest from North Karnataka
Agarwal = Derived from Agarwala or 'a descendant from district Agroha', ancient name of Hissar city. Agroha had 18 districts - Garg, Mangal, Kucchal, Goyan, Goyal, Bansal, Kansal, Singhal, Jindal, Thingal, Airan, Dharan, Madhukul, Bindal, Mittal, Tayal, Bhandal, and Naagal. All these surnames are synonymous with Agarwals
Ahluwalia = A descendant from Ahlu, a village near Lahore
Ahuja = A descendant of Ahu
Arora = A descendant from Aror, today's Rohri in Sind
Asan = This word derived from sanskrit Acharya meaning teacher. Kaniyar community of south Kerala, uses this title in virtue of their traditional avocation as elementary school teachers.

Bandopadhyay = A respected teacher
Banerjee = Teacher from the village of Bandoghat
Bharadwaj = Descendants of sage Bharadwaja
Bhat/Butt = Priest or Scholar
Bhattacharya = Priest & teacher
Bhattathiri = Particular class of Brahmins in Kerala.

Chaturvedi = One who has learned all the four vedas
Chattopadhyay = A teacher from the Chatta village in Bengal
Chopra = Descendants of warrior Chaupat Rai

Desai = Means one who owns desh (place). Landlord
Deshmukh = Person who heads a territory, desh means a country (district) and mukh means head
Deshpande = District accountant / head of region
Devar = Means God. Community is based in Tamil Nadu. Has Ambalakaarar (village headman), Maravar (warriors), Chervaar (palace workers) 4. Piramalai kallar (spies) as sub-sects
Dhawan = Messenger on the field of battle
Dhirwan = Rajput, One who worship and spread teachings of Maa Rajrajeswari, Uttrakhand origin
Dubashi = Person who knows two languages, a Translator
Dutta = Drived from Aditya or Sun
Dwivedi = One who has learned two vedas.

Embranthiri = Brahmins migrated from Karnataka and settled in Kerala.

Ganaka = Hindu traditional astrologers (Kaniyar) in Kerala and Assam (Ganak Brahmins)
Gandhi = From Sanskrit gandha which means perfume, perfume seller. In Gujarati the word also means grocer or pharmacist
Gill = Lake/Moisture/Prosperity. Punjabi sikh origin
Gowda = Karnataka origin. Village headman
Guha = Another name for Lord Kartikeya
Guneta = People originally from Queta/Sind
Gupta = Ruler/Protector.

Iyer = Derived from Tamil word Ayya which in turn is derived from the Sanskrit word Arya which means Noble
Iyengar = One who has undergone the 5 purification rituals.

Jain = Follower of Jainism. Which is derived from Jina (one who overcomes)
Jha = Community of highly cohesive, traditional Brahmins who form part of ancient Vedic Brahmins. They are Maithili speakers
Johar = Sanskrit for Jewel
Joshi = Practioner of Jyotish or astrology.

Kakkar = Strong
Kaniyar = Tamil-Malayalam translation of the Sanskrit word "Ganika"-r (those who calculate). Traditional astrologers of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Kapoor = Descendants of Moon
Kaul = Means well-born. Derived from Sanskrit word Kula
Kaur = Princess. Punjabi sikh origin
Khan = Turkish in origin. Means Chief/Ruler
Khanna = Derived from Khanda (sword)
Khatri = Punjabi version of Kshatriya (ruler). Khanna, Kapoor, Seth, Mehra, Malhotra, Chopra and Walia are all Khatris
Kocchar = Armour
Kori = derived from the word 'kora' means clean, which originated from 'gora' meaning whiteness.
Kumawat = Warrior (Kshatriya) caste found in North India.

Lohkana, Lohkna, Lav = Hindu Kshatriya/ Warriors, descendants of Lava/ Dashratha

Mahajan = Literally means big People
Mahto = Head of the village
Malik = Arabic word for King
Malireddy = Kamma with surname from Samalkot mandal region in Andhra
Marar = Performs music and percussions in Temples. Of Kerala origin
Marri = The surname belonging to the people of Krishnadevaraya dynasty
Maurya = One of the greatest empires of ancient India
Menon = Of Kerala origin, Accountants
Mehra/Mehrotra = Descendants of Mihr (Sun)
Mirpuri = From Mirpur district, Sindhis
Mishra = Mixed or blended
Mukhopadhyay = Main Teacher.

Nayar, Naik = Means leader, soldier
Nair = Derived from Nayak, means leader. Nambiar, Adiyodi, Kurup, Menon, Unnitthaan, Thampi, Mannadiyaar are sub class of Nair
Nambeesan = Lower class brahmin who performs temple duties in Kerala
Namboothiri = Particular class of Brahmins in Kerala
Negi = Surname in Uttrakhand, Rajput warriors
Nehru = One who lives on the bank of a Nehr or canal.

Ojha = Brhamins from U.P, Bihar and Nepal and other parts in North India, meaning he who controls the spirits on Earth

Pandey = Saryuparin Brahmans who specialized in the study & research of the 4 Vedas and Puranas
Panicker = Derived from Sanskrit word Parinayaka (martial art preceptor). Kaniyar Panicker or Kalari panicker of Kerala is commonly known by this name
Patel/Patil = Village headman
Patial = Belongs to Rajput family, Rulers
Pilla/Pillai = Young lad, son. Malayalam and Tamil origin
Pothuvaal = Performs music and percussions in temples. Of Kerala origin
Prajapati - Suryavanshi descendants from Ikshvaku son of Manu prajapati (son of Daksha Prajapati).

Rana = Ruler. Some speculate it is the male version of Rani
Rajput = Ruler, means offspring of the Ruler
Reddy = Derived from "Rashtrakuta" which is Sanskrit for "Rettakudi". Rettakudi is converted into Rettadi and later Reddy.

Saini = Head of army
Sethi = Derived from Sanskrit word Sreshti (Merchant). Incidentally Shetty/Chettiar has the same roots
Shah = Persian word for Monarch
Sharma = Hindu (Brahman) name from Sanskrit sarma means joy, shelter
Shukla = Bright
Singh = Derived from Sanskrit word Simha which means Lion
Sinha = From the Sanskrit word Simha which means Lion
Somayaji = Brahmin who performs Somayaga.

Tagore = Anglicised version of Thakur (Lord)
Talwar = Swordsman/Sword
Tandon = Warrior or sun
Trivedi = Learned in 3 vedas.

Varrier = Temple dwellers of Kerala origin, who performs other temple duties than Puja
Varma/Varman = Kshatriyas in South India. Affixed to the names of rulers
Verma = Hindu name, from Sanskrit word varman which means armor, protection.

Yadav = Followers of Yadu, particular community related to lord Krishna.

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